Intro: Respond to the phrase: “In the world, but not of the world.”
The Sedes (“seat”) of the doctrine
“••• I say these things while I am still in the world, so that they may have the full measure of my joy within them. 14 I
have given them your word and the world has hated them, for they are not of the world any more than I am of the world. 15 My prayer is not that you take them out of the world but that you protect them from the evil one. 16 Theyare not of the world, even as I am not of it. 17 Sanctify them by the truth; your word is truth. 18 As you sent me into the world, I have sent them into the world 19 For them I sanctify myself, that they too may be truly sanctified.
1. Why does being “not of the world” lead to the world’s hatred?
By way of contrast: On the one hand …
1 John 2: 15-17
15 Do not love the world or anything in the world. If anyone loves the world, the love of the Father is not in him. 16 For everything in the world-the cravings of sinful man, the lust of his eyes and the boasting of what he has and does comes not from the Father but from the world. 17 The world and its desires pass away, but the man who does the will of God lives forever.
2. What might we include in John’s phrase “anything in the world “? Be specific.
3. Any comments on John’s set apart phrase: “the cravings of sinful man, the lust of his eyes and the boasting of what he has and does”?
34 Then he called the crowd to him along with his disciples and said: “If anyone would come after me, he must deny himself and take up his cross and follow me. 35 For whoever wants to save his life will lose it, but whoever loses his life for me and for the gospel will save it. 36 What good is it for a man to gain the whole world, yet forfeit his soul? 37 Or what can a man give in exchange for his soul?
“Fasting and other outward preparations may serve a good purpose …”
4. Explain the phrases: “Deny himself,” “take up his cross,” “follow me,” “will lose it”, etc.
5. Keeping in mind that Jesus said, “When you fast” in Matthew 6, how does that tie into this discussion? Pros and cons?
On the other …
‘Love your neighbor as yourself.’
9 The commandmenG. Do not commit adultery,” “Do not murder,” “Do not steal,” “Do not covet,” and whatever other command.men: jiere may be, are summed up in this one rule: “Love your neighbor as yourself.” 10 Love does no harm to its neighbor. Therefore love is the fulfillment of the law.
25 Husbands, love your wives, ju st as Christ loved the church and gave himself up for her
37 “Anyone who loves hjs father or mother more than me is not worthy of me; anyone who loves his son or daughter more than me is not worthy of me; 38 and anyone who does not take his cross and follow me is not worthy of me. 39 Whoever finds his life will lose it, and whoever loses his life for my sake will find it.
6. Comparing these passages with John/Mark, explain loving things in/of this world?
7. What is the key word or phrase in Matthew I 0:37-39? Why is it so key?
How the Scriptures describe operating in this world
8 •••whatever is true, whatever is noble, whatever is right, whatever is pure, whatever is lovely, whatever is admirable-if anything is excellent or praiseworthy-think about such things.
8. Does this passage include or exclude things of this world? Why or why not?
7 Go, eat your food with gladness, and drink your wine with a joyful heart, for it is now that God favors what you do. 8
Always be clothed in white, and always anoint your head with oil. 9 Enjoy life with your wife, whom you Jove, all the days of this meaningless life that God has given you under the sun-all your meaningless days. For this is your lot in life and in your toilsome labor under the sun. 10 Whatever your hand finds to do, do it with all your might, for in the grave, where you are going, there is neither working nor planning nor knowledge nor wisdom.
9. How does Solomon cover both “in” and not “of” in this interesting section?
10. What especially good purpose does love in marriage serve? Cf. Large Catechism 1:2 19
I am sending you out like sheep among wolves. Therefore be as shrewd as snakes and as innocent as doves.
11. Contextually, this passage is Jesus sending his disciples out to preach in various towns and villages. Does that influence how you understand it?
1 Corinthians 5:9-11
9 I have written you in my letter not to associate with sexually immoral people- 10 not at all meaning the people of this world who are immoral, or the greedy and swindlers, or idolaters. In that case you would have to leave this world. 11
But now I am writing you that you must not associate with anyone who calls himself a brother but is sexually immoral or greedy, an idolater or a slanderer, a drunkard or a swindler. With such a man do not even eat.
12. How does Paul handle the “in and not of” question in Corinth? Cf. Romans 12: 1-2
13. Why does Paul command total disassociation?
1 Timothy 4:1-5
The Spirit clearly says that in later times some will abandon the faith and follow deceiving spirits and things taught by demons. 2 Such teachings come through hypocritical liars, whose consciences have been seared as with a hot iron. 3 They forbid people to marry and order them to abstain from certain foods, which God created to be received with thanksgiving by those who believe and who know the truth. 4 For everything God created is good, and nothing is to be rejected if it is received with thanksgiving, 5 because it is consecrated by the word of God and prayer.
I believe that God created me and all that exists…God still preserves me by richly and daily providing clothing and shoes, food and drink, house and home, spouse and children, land, cattle, and all I own … (Cf. also 4th Petition of Lord’s Prayer).
14. How does Paul encourage us to respond to those who would encourage us to abandon the world and its things?
15. Luther talked about drunks riding donkeys. There’s always two ways to fall off. What’s the abuse of this passage from Timothy?
16. Finish this sentence: The catechism’s laundry list of worldly things …
17. What would make something “of the world” in the sinful sense we usually think of?